It is said that the best holidays is a change of scenery. Hiking in the mountains is one of those kinds of leisure activities in which a change of scenery will be guaranteed to you every day. Cool morning with sun-drenched tops of mountain ridges and peaks, covered with a thin crust of ice, frozen after the night frost, mountain lakes Noon brings truly summer heat, melting the snow and ice by the hard sun. Late in the afternoon-silence comes with lengthening shadows, clouds that begin to rise from the valley, “cinematic” light quickly setting sun. It can be drizzling rain, impregnating the surrounding air with freshness. Clothing for mountain hiking must be appropriate.
Factors that influence the choice of clothing for mountain hiking
- Mechanical wear resistance. To the clothes that you are going to wear in the mountains, there should be increased requirements for mechanical wear resistance. It must withstand both hiking through the dense forest from the valleys to the base camps under the passes and peaks and movement along the talus- whether large and small. Clothing for mountains should not be torn or quickly wiped from accidental contact with rocks, rough ice, snow surface or due to a contact with equipment, for example — with a backpack or strapping.
- Clothes should dry quickly. “There are not exist the clothes that do not get wet, there are clothes that dry for a long time.” The old tourist rule “works” for mountain clothes as well. Indeed, 100% protection from water can be obtained only in the case of using clothes made of rubberized fabric, which is definitely not acceptable due to the weight and its thermal insulation characteristics.
- Lightness. Everything you take with you, you carry on your own shoulders – in your backpack. You should remember that the heavier the clothes, the greater the load and the less you enjoy the journey. Nobody wants to carry heavy backpacks!
- Protection against wind. The strength of the wind in the mountains can range from an unpleasant cold draft that comes from the nearest glacier — to a violent hurricane with very low temperatures and snow. The wind is something that can radically change your travel plans, and even completely disrupt it.
- The negative impact of the sun on a person in the mountains is much stronger than on the valley. First, due to the fact that the higher mountain the thinner the ozone layer is, namely, it mainly protects people from the scorching sun, and secondly, in the mountains there is snow or ice surface consisting of microcrystallines of frozen water, which reflect the sun's rays like a mirror and increase the likelihood of sunburn for areas of the body not covered by clothing.
- Thermal insulation. Cold in the mountains is a common phenomenon. Even in non-category, absolutely simple hiking routes it is possible to face not comfortable, low temperature, not to mention hiking in a zone that is above a snow line and where low temperatures are norm.
- “Layering” of clothing. When choosing the right clothes for mountain hiking, it is necessary to adhere to the rule of “three layers”.