There are different clothes for protection against the cold and clothes for protection against water and wind. The basic principle on this topic is that if the weather is wet (rain, wet snow, water on bushes and trees), then clothes are put on outside to protect from water. If it is dry enough, then you can choose any clothes — then protection is only necessary from the cold or wind. Usually the next set of clothes is taken with you.
Jacket for protection against water and wind. The jacket should be synthetic without insulation. The ideal option is again a membrane fabric, but you can take a variety of windbreakers — there is a fairly large selection in stores. You can sew a windbreaker or anorak for yourself using hipora, avisent, etc. This is the main waterproof and windproof clothing. For better protection, the jacket must be glued at the seams. This is easy to do when sewing jackets, but in purchased ones you need to check.
Windblock jacket or anorak. Windblock is polartek, in which there is a membrane layer between the two layers of the polartek itself, as on a membrane fabric. Accordingly, this fabric is not blown; it is much warmer than just polartek and to some extent protects from water (but after getting wet, then dries for quite a long time).
Warm outerwear. It can be a vest — down or on synthetic insulation, or even from a thick polar, it is better that it would be windproof. Or something like a light down parka or just a warm jacket (the worst option — is it weighs a lot). In general, if the temperature that below zero is not expected (or the weight is greatly saved) — you can do without it. But sometimes it’s just nice to walk in the down vest in the evening.
Clothing for hiking, and camping: what should not be done
You can’t go to the forest with your cotton trousers put on (for example, in jeans). Firstly, they quickly get wet and dry very slowly. Secondly, which is much more important, if a liter of boiling water is poured onto the jeans, a good leg burn (2-3 degrees) is guaranteed. It is proven by practice. And if the same water is poured onto the correct trousers (for example, membrane ones) — it doesn’t even hurt, it just feels warm. In general, walking in cotton trousers is a risk at your discretion, but it’s better to get used to the right clothes right away. In some more distant places — we do not recommend it.
Shoes (and to a lesser extent — clothes) should not be dried by the camp fire. It is best to dry everything on yourself (around a fire or just like that) or by hanging it in the sun and wind. If the clothes are correct — the need to dry them around the fire practically does not arise. And at least you need to dry something on yourself, either holding it in your hands or under direct observation (otherwise the risk of losing a thing in a fire is great). And drying around the campfire on walking days on a hike can be done only in the evening and only after all the work on the camp is completed. However, this already refers to the daily routine. In addition, overdried shoes tend to crack.